§ 155.3 — 11 U.S.C. § 1328: Discharge

Revised: September 28, 2009

[1]

Section 1328 fixes the timing, extent and exceptions to discharge in Chapter 13 cases. Section 1328 cross-references § 523(a) to capture many exceptions to discharge. Section 1328(a)(3) contains its own special exception to discharge for restitution or a criminal fine included in the sentence on the debtor’s conviction of a crime,1 and § 1328(a)(4) contains an oddly worded exception for restitution or damages awarded in a civil action “as a result of willful or malicious injury by the debtor” that caused personal injury or death.2 Changes made to the exceptions to discharge in Chapter 13 cases by the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (BAPCPA)3 are discussed in detail in Part 9.4


 

1  See § 348.1 [ Criminal Restitution and Criminal Fines ] § 158.4  Criminal Restitution and Criminal Fines.

 

2  See § 554.1 [ Willful or Malicious Injury: § 1328(a)(4) ] § 159.7  Willful or Malicious Injury: § 1328(a)(4).

 

3  Pub. L. No. 109-8, 119 Stat. 23 (2005).

 

4  See discussion beginning at § 159.1  Taxes.